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Italian language certification exam

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The linguistic certifications are qualifications related to the knowledge of foreign languages  They are accepted as official qualifications and they are destined for d people/foreigners wanting to validate their language skills and fluency.

The most important Italian language certification are:

CILS (Certificato di Italiano Lingua Straniera), issued by Università per Stranieri of Siena;
CELI (Certificato di Lingua Italiana), issued by Università per Stranieri of Perugia;
PLIDA (Programma Lingua Italiana Dante Alighieri), issued by Società Dante Alighieri of Rome.

These language certifications present the six levels of knowledge processed by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. They are divided as follows:

Advanced level:
C2 – Mastery: perfect knowledge and natural use of the language.
C1 – Effectiveness: flexible use of the language for any purpose.

Intermediate level:
B2 – Progress: appropriate knowledge of the language about specific topics and ability to make conversation fluently.
B1 – Threshold: good knowledge of the language about usual topics and ability to express briefly feelings and emotions.

Elementary level:
A2 – Survival: basic knowledge of the language and simplistic use of the language.
A1 – Contact: knowledge of everyday expressions and ability to interact with others in a simple way.

CILS certification exams are designed to assess how learners use Italian to communicate in real-life situations. Exams include four activities: listening and reading comprehension, writing and speaking, CELI certification exams judge candidates' abilities to use the Italian language for social interaction, at different levels and in different contexts.. The exam consists of four parts::listening andreading comprehension, writing and  Speaking.
PLIDA certification is designed for people whose mother tongue is not Italian.. There is PLIDA JUNIORES for young people aged between 13 and 18, The structure of this exams is identical to that of the ordinary PLIDA Certificate but the contents of the examination were designed considering the context of communication in which this age group operates.,.
The exams can be sustained in Italy in partner institution (Permanent Territorial Centres, Language centres of some Universities, Intercultural Centres or Language schools) located in different cities, t. Abroad the exams are taken at the Italian Cultural Institutes or other qualified entities.

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Italian language in the world

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Among the most studied languages in the world, Italian language isthe fourth, right  after English, Spanish and Chinese. This could seem strange if we try to compare the number of places all over the world where these languages are spoken with the smaller population of Italian speakers.  but this is one of the reasons that makes interesting try to understand why Italian is a very requested language around the world.
Italian language is known by a large part of the ecclesiastical hierarchy, and is used in substitution for Latin in some official documents. . It is official also in Vatican.  The Church is not to be underestimated as a cultural, geographical and institutional force. Indeed, into the colleges and Universities of the Holy See, Italian is the most spoken language by students of different nationalities. Also the Pope  speaks at general audience in Italian..
Italian is also one of the most studied languages in the world for another significant reason: the great importance of our culture in the world. Of course, first of all among the artistic expressions, Italian literature is one of the most important. Italian literary production, that has been prosperous since the Age of Augustus, never stopped. It changed, conformed to the evolution of the language – Latin, Vernacular, Gallicisms and other typical languages, up to current Italian – and enabled the production of masterpieces that are considered very important in Italy and all over the world.
Figurative art has also spread very much the Italian language in the world, and even the culture of a lively and exuberant people. It is not a coincidence that the artistic beauties of Italy are very famous tourist destinations..
Music, bel canto and melodrama can be also considered  one of the  reasons why Italian language is very well known all over the world. Even in the Eighteenth century, Italian was the official language of the melodrama and it is for this that Italian is well known by the lovers of the genre.
During the latest centuries, also the emigration of Italian people to different countries in America and Europe has played an import role in the knowledge of our language.
It is for all of this that Italian language is today  one of the most studied in the world.

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Learning Italian for foreigners

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Learning Italian for foreigners is affected by various factors which vary from learner to learner. It is important to remark that there is no exemplary learner to be referenced in the study of a foreign language.
First of all, the age. It is supposed to be thought that children learn a second language easier than the adults do, helped by a natural trend to be more social e more addicted to the reproduction of sounds. On the contrary, adults are better on the grammatical and logical level.
Sociocultural aspects to which the learner has undergone before studying and learning a foreign language are not to be ignore. A good education, that, generally, is also associated with the study of at least a foreign language, can be decisive: in fact, the student may already have at his disposal language patterns belonging to more languages, thus he will be facilitated in learning.
Motivation and cultural openness are very important in learning Italian for foreigners. According to statistics, the Chinese, Cape Verdeans and Filipinos are among the nations where the cultural isolation is more accentuated. Even in a large group of Chinese, people use to delegate just one spokespersons to interact with others. The integration of the rest of the people is almost nothing.
The different social context can affect learning of the student. A foreigner reception of the language will be different in a medium-high context compare to that of a learner in a medium-low reality.
In learning Italian the phonological level is the most influenced by the mother tongue. The most common phonological interferences are the consonantical simplification and the deletion of unstressed vocalism. Obviously, regional dialects affect learning Italian for foreigners.
The morphological level is, however, harder to learn because the speakers early grasp only the most important elements from the semantic point of view, and only after we consciously use the grammar of the Italian language.
The rules of correlation between gender and number are the longest and more difficult to learn and vary between the different linguistic communities.
The vocabulary learning of the Italian language is certainly much more quickly and correctly as there is contact between Italians and the learner.

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Jubilee Rome 2015 calendar

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On April 11, 2015, Pope Francis communicated with a Bull – Misericordiae Vultus – that on December 8, 2015 the extraordinary Jubilee will start. The Holy Year is going to finish the day of Christ the King, November 20, 2015.
According to the Catholic Church the Jubilee event represents a year of conversion and penitence in which sins are forgiven. Pope Francis is going to make this Jubilee 2015 start in the name of Mercy. In particular, he wonders << how the Church can make clearer its mission of being witness of Mercy >> also and especially during a period of great changes just like the current one.
The start of the Holy Year will take place with the opening of the Holy Door of the S. Peter's Basilica.
The others basilicas' doors will be open over the next few days.
A considerable number of believers and pilgrims is expected for a lot of events. In particular, there will be the gathering of young people aged between 13 and 16 years on April 24, the meetings with volunteering, sick people and priests. The Pope has also announced that will try to involve prisoners in a Mass at the Holy See. For this, Vatican informs that negotiations with the Italian government will start soon, and they will also discuss and approve the precautionary rules to be taken concerning the attack risks.
On the occasion of the Jubilee of Rome 2015 also the Termini station will undergo structural changes to guarantee more viability and more practicability of the three access roads to the station: Via Giolitti, Via Enrico de Nicola and Via Marsala.
More pedestrian routes will be enabled to improve the transit of citizens and pilgrims. Pavements and pedestrian crossings will be widely reviewed and enlarged. The attention will be focused on the removal of architectural barriers to help the disabled to take a tour of Rome in complete safety.

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